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Making Your Cake

This guide aims to help you get to grips with the basics of baking, from converting standardised US baking cups to traditional UK weights and volumes, to altering ingredient measurements and quantities in recipes to fit different sized baking tins!

UK Baking Conversions

Recipes from the USA often display baking measurements in 'Cups' – but how do they convert to the imperial and metric measurements more commonly used in the UK? Precise measurements are so important in baking, so we've created several baking conversion charts to help you out.

Volume of Liquid Ingredients

Volume of Liquid Ingredients
US Cups Millilitres Fluid Ounces
1 Cup 240ml 8.1 fl. oz.
¾ Cup 180ml 6 fl. oz.
? Cup 160ml 5.4 fl. oz.
½ Cup 120ml 4 fl. oz.
? Cup 80ml 2.7 fl. oz.
¼ Cup 60ml 2 fl. oz.
? Cup 30ml 1 fl. oz.

Liquid / Dry Ingredients

Liquid / Dry Ingredients
US Cups Millilitres Fluid Ounces
1 Cup 240ml 8.1 fl. oz.
¾ Cup 180ml 6 fl. oz.
? Cup 160ml 5.4 fl. oz.
½ Cup 120ml 4 fl. oz.
? Cup 80ml 2.7 fl. oz.
¼ Cup 60ml 2 fl. oz.
? Cup 30ml 1 fl. oz.

Weights of Common Ingredients

Plain Flour, Icing Sugar and Cocoa Powder

Plain Flour, Icing Sugar and Cocoa Powder
US Cups Grams Ounces
1 Cup 125g 4.5oz.
¾ Cup 95g 3.25oz.
? Cup 85g 3oz.
½ Cup 65g 2.25oz.
? Cup 40g 1.5oz.
¼ Cup 30g 1oz.
? Cup 15g 0.5oz.

Granulated Sugar and Caster Sugar

Granulated Sugar and Caster Sugar
US Cups Grams Ounces
1 Cup 200g 7oz.
¾ Cup 150g 5.25oz.
? Cup 135g 4.75oz.
½ Cup 100g 3.5oz.
? Cup 70g 2.25oz.
¼ Cup 50g 1.75oz.
1/8 Cup 25g 1oz.

Brown Sugar

Brown Sugar
US Cups Grams Ounces
1 Cup 220g 7.75oz.
¾ Cup 170g 6oz.
? Cup 150g 5oz.
½ Cup 110g 4oz.
? Cup 75g 2.5oz.
¼ Cup 55g 2oz.
? Cup 25g 1oz.

Butter and Margarine

Butter and Margarine
US Cups Grams Ounces
1 Cup 225g 8oz.
¾ Cup 180g 6.25oz.
? Cup 150g 5.25oz.
1 Stick 113g 4oz.
½ Cup 110g 3.9oz.
? Cup 75g 3oz.
¼ Cup 60g 2oz.
? Cup 25g 1oz.

Oven Temperatures

Oven Temperatures
Fahrenheit Celsius Gas Mark
250°F 120°C ½
275°F 135°C 1
300°F 150°C 2
325°F 165°C 3
350°F 175°C 4
375°F 190°C 5
400°F 205°C 6
425°F 220°C 7
450°F 235°C 8
475°F 245°C 9
500°F 260°C 10

Baking Tin Sizes

As 8" round tins (3" deep) are generally the most popular size, we'll use this as a starting point and advise how to scale up or down your mixture based on this. Let's begin with some examples - if you want to bake a 12" round cake but the recipe is only enough for an 8" round cake, you'd simply multiply the quantities in your recipe 2.5 times. But, if you'd rather bake a smaller 6" round cake, you'd divide the quantities by half.

Round and Petal Tins

Round and Petal Tins

4"
5"
6"
7"
8"
9"
10"
11"
12"
13"
14"
Square and Hexagon Tins

Square and Hexagon Tins

3"
4"
5"
6"
7"
8"
9"
10"
11"
12"
13"
Approx. Quantities of the Recipe

Approx. Quantities of the Recipe

¼ of the recipe
? of the recipe
½ of the recipe
¾ of the recipe
the whole recipe
1 + ¼ of the recipe
1 + ½ of the recipe
2 x the recipe
2 + ½ of the recipe
3 x the recipe
3 + ½ of the recipe