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Fabric Guide

This guide aims to help you get to grips with the basics of fabric, looking the different types of material you could incorporate into your stitch projects, all the way through to what specialist precuts are manufactured and how they could benefit you.

Fabric Guide

This guide aims to help you get to grips with the basics of fabric, looking the different types of material you could incorporate into your stitch projects, all the way through to what specialist precuts are manufactured and how they could benefit you.

The fabulous thing about fabric is that it's widely accessible in many different colours, patterns and designs, but have you considered what material will be best suited to the project you'd like to undertake? Cotton seems to be the most common material used in stitchcraft - but what else can you expect to find? Here, we take a look at the different materials you could base your sewing projects on, describing their qualities.

Denim

Denim

Denim is a strong, sturdy material traditionally made from cotton warp yarn and a white cotton filling yarn. These two yarns are finely interwoven to create a complex twill weave, strengthening the material. Although it's primarily used to create jeans, jackets, dresses and dungarees, denim can also be used to make accessories and even cover furniture for a non-conventional home décor style.

Rayon

Rayon

As it's a semi-synthetic fibre, rayon is an extremely versatile material that's often used to substitute natural fibres in clothing. Although soft, comfortable, smooth and absorbent, rayon has an extremely low elastic recovery and fails at insulating heat, so is best used when sewing garments to wear in hotter weather.

Satin

Satin

Satin has a soft, even, glossy texture, reflecting light for a luxurious look. It's usually constructed by floating warp yarns over weft yarns, thus creating a very high lustre that's perfect for creating lavish bed sheets and furnishings. This materials is commonly used in apparel, and is especially ideal for lingerie, sleepwear, scarves, and even ties!

Fleece

Velvet

Made from either natural or synthetic fibres, velvet is a woven fabric with a dense pile that has a unique and distinctive, smooth, soft feel to it. As it has a luxurious texture and sumptuous appearance, velvet was traditionally used to make opulent wall hangings and royal robes. However today, it's more commonly used to create clothing, cushions, home décor items, and to line storage boxes.