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This guide aims to help you get to grips with the basics of cardmaking, looking at the occasions you could create for, the different types of greeting cards you could make, and the materials we recommend you use, amongst many other points of interest!
The most basic fold, this Standard Fold technique allows you to fold a single piece of card vertically or horizontally once in half, ready to decorate as you wish. The end result will see a rectangular card shape, both card panels an equal size to fold precisely together.
The Square Fold Card is very similar to the Standard Fold Card, however instead of folding the card into a rectangular shape, it's folded into a square. Made from one sheet of card, both card panels will also be an equal size to fold neatly together.
A Gatefold Card opens, as suggested, like a pair of gates parting in the middle. With three panels altogether, this type of card has two folds – each creating a flap that meets in the centre.
This type of card fold is pretty straightforward to make as you won't need any extra materials to make the base. Identical to leaflets, this Tri-Fold Card folds twice to make three panels instead of two. All three panels will be equal sizes to fold precisely on top of one another.
An Aperture Card has a shape cut out of the front cover, folded over with a design framed in the window. Folded similarly to a Tri-Fold Card, there are three panels with two folds. The aperture hole is created in the central panel, while the left panel is folded and stuck down to form the back of the window where the design sits. The card will then open like a Standard Fold Card.
The Accordion Card fold is similar to a Tri-Fold Card, however instead of folding twice to make three panels, you fold three times to create four separate panels – like an accordion. All four panels are exactly the same size, so the three folds will be at an equal distance apart.
Rocker Cards are really simple to make – once you've folded your card once in half, all you need to do is cut an even curve out of the bottom. The tricky part is ensuring that the curve is even, or else it may not work. When your card is stood up, it should rock when touched!
These cards do exactly as the name suggests – when the card is opened, images will pop up from the centre. Pop-Up Cards use tabs inside a folded card, cut out from the card blank. The images are stuck onto the bottom section of the tabs to neatly fold down when the card is closed, popping up again when opened!
Cascade Cards are made using two pieces of card, however can be made with a single piece to simplify the process. These cards have two panels that interlock with slots. Once slotted together, the panels spring out similarly to an accordion, then fold flat for posting.
An Easel Card is made from one piece of card, using a variety of folds to form a front panel, a base panel and a stand – holding it up much like an easel would hold a canvas. You'll also need a variety of card, paper, dies, embellishments and whatever else you'd like to use to decorate.
Shaker Cards are similar to Aperture Cards as they both have a window in the front, however they only fold once to create two panels. This window will then hold glitter or embellishments, sealed in with acetate. Once you've cut out your shape in the front panel, you need to use a foam sheet to create space between the acetate and a back panel so that the glitter can move around. Once the space is filled, simply glue on the back panel to hold it all together. The card will then open like a Standard Fold Card.
Slightly more complex, Diorama Cards use several pieces of card taped or glued together, allowing you to build up a 3D scene with designs. They feature several card folds, a window with a design in the background, and designs glued onto the foreground – creating lots of dimension. There are many ways to make these cards, however the finished product will always have multiple layers to give incredible depth. Once complete, Diorama Cards fold flat for posting.
A Spinner Card is a simple idea – when you move the card to each side, the 'spinner' on the card will slide along with it. To make, you need to cut a long box out of a piece of card and layer it on top of a card blank. The spinner can be made using two coins or coin-like embellishments, layered together with a foam pad – the spinner image is then stuck on top. These coins are then placed within the long box and will slide to the side when moved.
A Panorama Card is basically an extremely complex Aperture Card. Instead of one window cut out of a card to reveal a design, there are several layers of card with several windows of different shapes and sizes, each forming intricate three dimensional scenes. Panorama Cards are all about using multiple detailed layers, images, designs, sentiments and embellishments to tell a beautiful story.